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MU Concert Band. In the Concert Band became a class, with the growing interest from marching band students. The concert band's reappearance ended a 60 year absence on campus. Concert band rehearses on Monday evenings and performs four concerts a year. All members of the Concert Band must be registered for the class to participate. All other instruments are the responsibility of the student. Members of the concert band are eligible to apply for and participate in Pennsylvania Intercollegiate Band.

This yearly honors band is comprised of students attending Pennsylvania Colleges and Universities. Since the age of three Haley Shiver has been actively involved in baton twirling. Competing individually, and on a team for over twenty years she has earned a long line of accolades. A former Grand National Twirling Champion, Miss Majorette of America, and several time national, state, and regional twirling champion. Bringing home a total of three gold medals, and a silver in individual and team events.

In , Haley was invited to be a US Twirling Ambassadors to Peru, spending two weeks performing and raising funds for charities. While attending the university she studied Integrated Marketing Communications, with a minor in Business Administration. Teaching individual students for over 13 years now, Haley has taught many regional, state, and national champion baton twirlers. Aside from field show and parade, competitions among secondary schools can also have the march off also concentration block or drill down.

This event involves all participants on the field following the commands of the director or a drum major. If a participant makes a mistake, either by execution or wrong timing, then the participant falls out of the field. A winner is crowned when there is only one participant left on the field.

Utah Marching Band - School of Music - The University of Utah

Each musician in a marching band creates sound waves. The waves from each musician, traveling at the speed of sound, reach the other musicians, field conductors, and listeners at slightly different times.

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If the distance between musicians is large enough, listeners may perceive waves to be out of phase. Typically, in this case, listeners perceive that one section of the band is playing their parts slightly after another section. This delay effect is informally referred to as ensemble tear or phasing not to be confused with the music composition technique of the same name. Consider also that viewers perceive the movement of marchers as light waves.

Since light travels faster than sound, viewers may perceive that movement is out of phase with the sound. Sound waves may also reflect off parts of the stadium or nearby buildings.

ISU Marching Band

For example, if two musicians, one standing on the front sideline of the football field and one on the back sideline, begin playing exactly when they see the beat of the conductor's baton or hand, the sound produced by the musician on the front sideline reaches listeners in the stands noticeably before the sound played by the back musician, and the musicians are seen to move before the sound reaches the stands. Ensemble tears can occur when musicians on the field listen to the pit. Because of the way sound waves travel, the sound pit produces first bounces off the back bleachers and then is heard by the ensemble.

By the time the ensemble hears them, they are already late in timing. Because of this reason, the norm is to ignore the pit and let them listen to the ensemble for timing. Nearly all marching band personnel wear some kind of uniform. Military-style uniforms are most common, but there are bands that use everything from matching T-shirts and shorts to formal wear.

Uniforms may also have substantially different colors on the front and back, so if band members turn suddenly flank , the audience sees a striking change of color. Band members at many Ivy League schools wear a jacket and tie while performing. The Southern Methodist University band wear a different combination of jackets, vests, ties, shirts, and pants for each half changing before halftime of each game and no clothing or uniform combinations are repeated during the marching season. The components of a band uniform are numerous. Common design elements include hats typically shakos , pith helmets , combination hats or other styles of helmets with feather plumes, capes, gloves, rank cords, and other embellishments.

It is also common for band uniforms to have a stripe down the leg and light-colored shoes, or spats over dark shoes to emphasize the movement of the legs while marching. Similarly, uniforms may feature additional components which highlight movement of the upper body, such as the "wings" worn by the University of Minnesota 's marching band to highlight flanking movements on the field. Occasionally, a band forgoes traditional uniforms in favor of costumes that fit the theme of its field show.

The costumes may or may not be uniform throughout the band. This kind of specialized uniform change is usually confined to competitive marching bands. Drum Majors , the field commanders and band directors, usually do not wear the regular band uniform, to better distinguish them from the rest of the band.

Some wear more formal outfits or costumes that match the theme of the music, or most commonly a differently-designed version of the regular band uniform, often employing different colors especially white or features such as capes. Some especially at the college level still employ the tall wool-lined shako or much larger bearskin both often derisively referred to as a "Q-Tip hat". Sousaphone players may use a military-style beret or entirely forgo the use of a head covering, as most hats may be in the way of the bell.

Some auxiliary groups use uniforms that resemble gymnastics outfits: Often, these uniforms are themed, drawing inspiration from the music. Many auxiliary groups change the outfits they use from season to season based on the needs of the band, although some that do also have a "base" uniform for occasions such as parades or other ceremonies. Music for parade and show bands is typically learned separately, in a concert band setting. It may even be memorized before any of the marching steps are learned. When rehearsing drill, positions and maneuvers are usually learned without playing the music simultaneously—a common technique for learning drill is to have members sing their parts or march to a recording produced during a music rehearsal.

Many bands learn drill one picture or form at a time, and later combine these and add music. Rehearsals may also include physical warm-up calisthenics, running, etc. When learning positions for drill, an American football field may be divided into a 5-yard grid, with the yard lines serving as one set of guides.

The locations where the perpendicular grid lines cross the yard lines sometimes called zero points or gacks, may be marked on a practice field at eight-, four-, or two-step intervals. Alternately, band members may only use field markings—yard lines, the centerline, hash marks, and yard numbers—as guides but note that different leagues put these markings in different places. For members to learn their positions more quickly, they may be given drill charts , which map their locations relative to the grid or field markings for each formation. In other groups, spray chalk or colored markers are used to mark the location of each person after each set of drill, with a different color and, sometimes, shape for each move.

Some bands use small notebooks, also known as a dot book or drill book , which they hang about their necks, on the drum harness, or around the waist. These contain pages of drill charts , which often either give a picture or list coordinates that band members use to find 'pages' or 'sets' on the field. Coordinates are normally listed in 8-to-5 steps off the front sideline and front and back hashes, along with the number of 8—5 steps off of the yard line listed on each page. Some bands are even using small plastic pouches that hang about their neck on an adjustable strap, which has a zipper pocket for holding drill, flags to mark sets, and a pencil.

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There is also a clear plastic window in front to display the current part of drill being worked on at that point in time. Members may also group into squads, ranks, sections, or especially with scramble bands that primarily form words letters. Instead of each member having an individual move, moves are then learned on a squad-by-squad rank-by-rank basis. Most bands meet in the summer, normally in August for summer training, or prior to the specific marching season known as band camp.

This involves learning basic marching fundamentals such as the type of marching step the band uses, commands from the drum major, and how to move on field. The band is also given music to learn for their show. Drill for the show may or may not be provided to learn during band camp. The camp takes place outdoors on the field for marching, and in a band hall for music-only rehearsals. Sectionals, or rehearsals including all of one instrument e. This time can also be used for the potential drums majors to showcase their abilities and for the band director to choose who is head drum major.

For bands that require auditions for the band, drumline, or auxiliary, auditions may happen the first few days for placement. Band camp usually lasts 1—2 weeks, but in the case of a more advanced marching band, camp may last up to a month. In most university bands, band camp means an earlier move-in date for university students in the band. Marching bands serve as entertainment during American football games, which may also be known as pep band.

For college and high school marching bands, this is the primary purpose of the ensemble. The home team's band plays the national anthem before kickoff often as part of a pre-game show , as well as other music while in the stands during the game.

Bands cheer with the cheerleaders, and some bands create their cheers. Marching bands then perform a show during halftime. When both teams' bands are present, it is a common protocol for the visiting band to perform first. After halftime, some high school bands use the third quarter of the game to take a break and get food.

College bands and some high school bands do not have such breaks but continue playing in the stands during the entirety of the game.

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The band often stay the entire game, playing the school's fight song and alma mater at the end of the game regardless of the outcome. Marching bands were once common fare during Super Bowl halftime shows during its earlier years but were later replaced by short stadium rock concerts from high-profile recording artists, some of which have incorporated marching bands into their performances.


Marching bands are otherwise uncommon at the professional level. In competition, marching bands are usually judged on criteria such as musicality, uniformity, visual impact, artistic interpretation, and the difficulty of the music and drill. Competition exists at all levels but is most common in the U. Performances designed for a competition setting usually include more esoteric music including but not limited to adaptations of modern orchestral pieces.

Many traditional-style bands compete in contests known as a Battle of the Bands, similar to the Atlanta Classic from the movie Drumline.

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Although its legitimacy is often called into question, competitive marching band is sometimes considered a sport, due in large part to the physical exertion required in combination with teamwork. Many HBCU marching band fans refer to marching band as marching sport.

I like to take my players [to watch drum corps] to show them what they can accomplish with hard work and teamwork. In his presentation to the American College of Sports Medicine's annual meeting in , researcher and exercise physiologist Gary Granata presented research after studying members of the Avon High School Marching Black and Gold , noting "At the top levels of marching band and drum corps, you get a level of competition and athleticism that is equal to a Division I athletic program.